Ch. 1. Rasi Vibhaga
There flourishes the divine Surya, the lord of the day, who is the sole cause and the soul of the Universe, who illumines all the worlds, and who daily brings Creation, Destruction and Protection.
The time measured from a second (required for winking the eye once) up to a year and the duration of each (zodiacal) Rasi have been explained along with astronomical calculations and characteristics of the Grahas.
In the section of Horoscopy the various Dasha divisions have been dealt with. But those with lesser understanding capacity need more scientific explanation, as they cannot grasp all (from Brihat Jataka).
Notes. This implies, that the present work has simplified explanations based on Brihat Jataka. Further additions are made by the author so an average student can grasp more.
In order, that the effects, which were declared by the old masters, who were able to predict the future accurately, are clarified lucidly, I shall state the gist of the ocean of Horary Science.
The names of the twelve Rasis are Mesh, Vrishabh, Mithun, Kark, Simh, Kanya, Tula, Vrischik, Dhanu, Makar, Kumbh and Meen in their order.
The Rasi Kanya is described, as a virgin seated in a boat with fire and corn in her hands. Tula is represented by a man holding scales (balance), while Meen resembles a pair of fish. The Rasi Makar is a deer-faced crocodile, while Dhanu looks like a man holding a bow and having a hip, like that of a horse. The Rasis Mesh, Vrishabh, Simh, Kark and Vrischik, respectively, have the forms of a ram, ox, lion, crab and scorpion, true to their (Sanskrit) names. Mithun is imagined to be a combination of a male and a female (a couple) holding a staff and lute, respectively.
Vrischik, Meen, Makar and Kark are watery Rasis. Tula, Kumbh, Vrishabh and Kanya are water resorter Rasis. Remaining Rasis are land resorters. Simh’s abode is mountain’s caves. The habitations for Mesh, Tula, Mithun and Dhanu are in their order plateau, city, village and warfield.
The Rasis Kark, Vrischik and Meen are reptile Rasis, especially Vrischik, the scorpion Rasi. Quadruped Rasis are the second half of Dhanu, the first half of Makar, the whole portions of Mesh, Vrishabh and Simh. Biped, or human Rasis are Kumbh, Mithun, Tula, Kanya and the first 15 degrees of Dhanu.
The biped Rasis are strong, when they house Lagn. Similarly strong are the quadruped Rasis holding Karm Bhava, the reptile Rasis having Yuvati and the watery Rasis, if resided by Bandhu.
Two and a quarter of Nakshatras make one Rasi. Each of the 12 Rasis is constituted by two and quarter of Nakshatras, or nine quarters with Ashvini in the start in Mesh and Revati at the end in Meen.
One Ghatik each at the junctions of Revati-Ashvini, Aslesha-Magha and Jyeshtha-Mul is called Gandantha. This evil period rules for four years; some say for six years.
Notes: According to Kasinatha’s Lagnacandrika the first three Ghatis of Mul, Magha and Ashvini are cal]ed Ganda Nadika. Simi]ar]y the ending five Ghatis of each of Jyeshtha, Aslesha and Revati. Donation of ghee filled bronze vessel, black cow and gold are suggested to overcome the evil of this Gandanadika. (See Slokas 89-92 of Ch. I of Lagnacandrika) Saravali simply says, that the ending portions of Kark, Meen and Vrischik are called Gandantha. Also see Phala Deepika Ch. I, Sloka 4, which calls such portion, as Bhasandhi. For more information, please see Balabhadra’sHoraRatna, Ch.II. The effects of Gandantha may be seen in Ch. V. of the present work.
The first Navamshas of the 12 Rasis from Mesh onwards are, respectively, Mesh, Makar, Tula and Kark, repeating again twice. The rulers of the Navamshas are the same, as the Rasi lords. The Dwadashamshas begin from the same Rasi. The lords of Dreshkanas for each Rasi are in their respective order: the lord of the same Rasi, the 5th lord there of and the 9th lord there of.
The Trimshamsh degrees allotted to Mangal, sani, Guru, Budh and sukr are 5, 5, 8, 7 and 5, respectively, in odd Rasis. The reverse is true in even Rasis, (i.e. 5, 7, 8, 5 and 5, respectively).
Notes. The division of Trimshamsh will be more useful to assess the disposition of a female, her luck etc. These have been elaborately dealt with in Ch. 25.
The Rasis Mesh, Vrishabh, Dhanu, Makar and Kark ascend with hinder part and are known to be strong between sunset and sunrise. The Rasi Meen rises with its face in opposite direction (in both ways) and is strong in twilight and the rest without Mithun rise with their heads and are strong during the day. All the Rasis are strong, if they recveive a drsihti from their own lords, or from Budh, or from Guru.
Notes: Brihat Jataka says, that Kark is a day Rasi and Mithun is a night Rasi. Also see Sloka 14 of Ch. I of Jataka Parijata and Sloka 13, Ch. 7 of Sanketa Nidhi for details of night Rasis and day Rasis.
The 12 Rasis follow classified, as male and female one after the other. These are also known, as movable, fixed and dual Rasis in their respective order, thus repeated four times from Mesh onward.