Vyaya Bhava is called, as Rippha, Lopa (void) and Vyaya (loss), while Dhan Bhava is termed, as Vitta (wealth), Kutumba (family), Vak (speech) and Mangala (auspiciousness).
Randhr Nidhana (death), Vinasa (destruction) and Dukh (grief) are the other identifications of Randhr Bhava. All the names Riksha, Bhava, Kshetra, Rasi mean one and the same thing.
Udaya (rising), Prag Lagn (the point rising in the east), Lekha and Hora are the other names given to Lagn. The various names, as enumerated for the Rasis are given by the ancient preceptors.
Hora means also half of a Rasi. Lalata Rekh. (the 1ine on the forehead, or Brahma Lipi) also indicates Hora. Some Jyotishis depend on the Hora for the knowledge of future.
Notes: The word Kal indicates the present, past and future, as known by Trikala.
Thus ends the 1st Ch. entitled Rasi Vibhaga in Horashara of Prithuyasas, son of Varah Mihira.
Ch. 2. Grah Lakshanas
The lords of the 12 Rasis and that of the 12 Navamashas with the same identity are: Mangal, sukr, Budh, Candr, Surya, Budh, sukr, Mangal, Guru, sani, sani and Guru. The lords of the Horas in odd Rasis are Surya and Candr, while the reverse is true in the case of even Rasis. The lords of the four directions, viz. East, South, West and North are Mesh, Vrishabh, Mithun and Kark, respectively, with their Konas repeating again in the same order.
Notes: Each Rasi is divided in two equal parts of 15 degrees. The first 15 degrees of odd Rasis are ruled by Surya and called Solar half. The second 15 degrees are ruled by Candr and called Lunar half. In the case of even Rasi, the arrangement is reversed. As regards directions, these are clear for Rasis. See planetary rulerships of the directions, as under: Surya, sani, sukr, Candr, Mangal, Budh, Rahu, Guru; East, West, South East, North West, South, North, South West and North East, respectively.
These can be profitably used in Horary Astrology also. In this context, C. G. Rajan’s Tamil translation of Parasara Hora and Prasna Marga, Slokas 7 to 9 in Ch. II have the following account: Mesh-Vrishabh East, Kark-Simh South, Tula-Vrischik West, Kumbh-Meen North, Mithun South East, Kanya South East, Dhanu North West, Meen North East.
The exaltation Bhavas for the (seven) Grahas from Surya onwards are: Mesh, Vrishabh, Makar, Kanya, Kark, Meen and Tula. In these Bhavas, the respective Grahas have the highest exaltation points at 10th, 3rd, 28th, 15th, 5th, 27th and the 20th degrees. The seventh Rasi from the exaltation Rasi is the Rasi of fall, or depression for the respective Grah and similar degree is the point of deepest fall.
Notes: These can be tabulated thus: (Grah, Deep exaltation Rasi and degree, Deep fall Rasi and degree); Surya, Mesh, 10, Tula, 10; Candr, Vrishabh, 3, Vrischik, 3; Mangal, Makar, 28, Kark, 28; Budh, Kanya, 15, Meen, 15; Guru, Kark, 5, Makar, 5; sukr, Meen, 27, Kanya, 27; sani, Tula, 20, Mesh, 20.
In Kanya, the portion of 5 degrees following the exaltation zone (i. e. from 15 1’ to 20”) is Multrikon for Budh and from 20 degrees onwards it is to be treated, as his Swakshetr. Thus it has a triple role for Budh.
The first three degrees of Vrishabh are Candr’s exaltation portion, while the rest is her Multrikon. For sukr up to 20 degrees in Tula are her Multrikon and the rest is her own Bhava, (i.e. Swakshetr).
The first twenty degrees of Simh is Surya’s Multrikon. The remaining portion is his own Bhava. sani has the same arrangement in the Rasi Kumbh, as Surya has in Simh.
It is Multrikon upto twelve degrees in Mesh for Mangal, while rest is his Swakshetr. For Guru, the first five degrees in Dhanu are Multrikon and the rest is Swakshetr.
As Rahu, Ketu have not been dealt with, I give below some information in this regard: Vriddha Samhita and Jyotishamrita state, that Kumbh and Vrischik are owned by Rahu and Ketu in their order. Veemesaram, a Tamil work calls Kumbh, as Rahu’s own Bhava, but nothing is allotted to Ketu. Both are exalted in Vrischik and are in fall in Vrishabh, as per Jatakalankaram (Tamil) and Veemesaram. Jatakachintamani agrees with this, only for Rahu, while it mentions, that Ketu is exalted in Mithun and is in fall in Dhanu. Syama Sangraham says, that Mithun and Dhanu are exaltation and Neech for Rahu and the reverse is true for Ketu. Sarvartha Chintamani gives Vrishabh-Vrischik, as exaltation and debilitation for Rahu and Vrischik Vrishabh, as exaltation and debilitation for Ketu. Bhavartha Ratnakara states, that Rahu is exalted in Vrishabh and Ketu in Vrischik and Rahu has Mithun and Kark, as his Multrikonas, while Ketu’s Multrikonas are Dhanu and Makar.